**Pythagorean Theorem**, which says that in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of squares of the other two sides.

Pythagorean Theorem: $BC^2 = AB^2 + AC^2$ |

That is why we call the equation $$x^2 + y^2 = z^2$$ the Pythagorean equation and its solution $(x,y,z)$ is called a Pythagorean triple. Of course, we only consider integer solutions.

Today, we will solve the Pythagorean equation and show that this equation has an infinite number of solutions.